SAP S/4HANA Simple Logistic Master Data Changes
In 2015, SAP introduced SAP S/4HANA to the world. Organizations have been actively adopting the post-modern ERP for digitizing their business. In this blog, I will discuss the changes in Simple Logistic master data from SAP ECC ERP to SAP S/4HANA.
In the SAP ECC, the main master data are customer master data and vendor master data. But, in SAP S/4HANA, we have something know as customer-vendor integration (CVI) which is also called business partner.
What is a business partner?
Business Partner is not something new just in SAP S/4HANA. It has existed even before SAP S/4HANA. The difference is that in SAP S/4HANA, Business Partner is mandatory. It is a prerequisite.
Let’s take a step back and understand why SAP made it mandatory. In SAP ECC ERP, both customer and vendor master data are divided into three views.
Customer master data
- General view
- Finance view
- Sales view
Vendor master data
- General view
- Finance view
- Purchasing view
In SAP S/4HANA, they both form the SAP business partner. However, there are many other business partners as well. For example, take the real estate sector.
- The landlord is a business partner
- Tenants are a business partner
- A broker is a business partner
- The lender is a business partner
All of them might not require sales data, finance data, or purchasing data. They might require a different set of data. The new dimensional modules like SAP CRM, SAP SCM, and SAP SRM need a more integrated view of each and every single business partner. The old method of having one particular model for customer and one particular model for vendor no longer holds good for these new dimensional modules.
So, SAP encased customer and vendor data into one structure called Business Partner. For example, we first create a business partner with basic data like name, address, etc., and then extend this business partner as a customer/vendor. Such a mechanism permits us to extend the role of the business partner to customer, vendor, or both.
Creating Customer and Vendor Master in SAP ECC
- Customer master data are created with transaction XD01, VD01, FD01
- Vendor master data are created with transaction Xk01, Fk01, Mk01
They can also be created by using a business partner with transaction ‘BP’
Creating Customer and Vendor Master in SAP S/4HANA
In SAP S/4HANA, ‘BP’ remains. But, the transactions for customer XD01, VD01, FD01, and vendor created Xk01, Fk01, Mk01 are obsolete. The system redirects you to transaction ‘BP’ if you try to create customer or vendor with those transactions.
Creation of Business Partner for Customer and Vendor
To create a customer or vendor, the first step is to create a business partner. The transaction to create business partner is ‘BP’. There are three ways you can create a business partner. The three ways are also called categories. The categories are:
After you create a business partner with basic data, you can extend it to a customer, vendor or both. If you want to extend a business partner to customer master, you have to add these BP roles:
- FLCU00 (Finance view)
- FLCU01 (Sales view)
If you want to extend a business partner to Vendor Master, you have to add these BP roles:
- FLVN00 (Finance view)
- FLVN01 (purchasing view)
The new changes in SAP S/4HANA are explained in detail during the user-training phase of SAP implementation. This enables a hassle-free transition to SAP S/4HANA. If you have any business queries, please send me an email at firstname.lastname@example.org.